So, you want to become a writer? You don’t know how to plot them? – Here is Freytag’s pyramid. The ultimate pyramid that you would help you to plot better in order to write better. You can Wikipedia “Gustav Freytag” to know more about him.
Exposition: The start of the story where you just introduce the main characters, what they do, where the world setting is, etc. basically introducing the reader into the story line.
Inciting Incident: The first conflict that acts as a hook to take off the story from the initial introduction towards a promising change
Rising action: The game changer, building the excitement of the story totally that surprises the reader with interesting scenes, conflicts, changes, etc..
Climax: The intense part of the story. The top notch that needs more information to decipher.
Falling action: Events post climax, where things make better sense with the tensions created getting resolved one by one
Resolution: The main conflict of the story gets resolved
Dénouement: The last part of the story where all the remaining questions, the mysteries, are solved by the character or just narrated by the author as an epilogue.
To know how this can be used. Pick any book, and read it once – note down the exposition, rising action, falling action, climax, and Denouement. Repeat this with books that fall under the genre that you’re writing. Read the book for the second time to get the tactics of how the rising action was built, how the hints and various major details were peppered as minor details that makes much sense at a later part of the story.
Repeat this when writing a novel to ensure that your novel has no loopholes or pitfalls! Tighten your manuscript with good rising action and falling actions.